The capital of Luxembourg
French, German and Luxembourgish
Catholics – 97%, there are Protestant and Jewish communities
mainly Luxembourgers, about 30% of the population – the foreigners: Germans, French, Italian, Portuguese, etc.
Luxembourg is located in Western Europe, surrounded with large western European countries – Belgium, Germany and France. Together with Belgium and the Netherlands is a “Benelux”. The country is limited to the river Mosel. The terrain is basically – rolling hills plain, which rises in the north spurs Ardennes (the highest point – PM Burgplatz, 559 meters). Total country area about 2,6 thousand square meters. km.
Luxembourg was founded in 963, at the time he was known as “Lyuklinburhuk” that the local dialect meaning “little castle”. Man first arrived in this country, affects a variety of landscapes that fit on such a small area. Bus Tours from Luxembourg allow for a short time to see most of the attractions of this tiny European country. Famous local vineyards, located in the Moselle valley, which produce world-known varieties of the Moselle wines. Also here is a few types of specialty beers, as well as excellent sparkling wines, prepared according to the technology of champagne, several kinds of liquors, the famous blackcurrant wine from Beaufort Castle, fruit juices and mineral water. There are wines that excrete only in certain villages, and are distinguished by their specific qualities (eg “Aansky palomberg” and “Enensky visselt”). Viticulture is most common in the southern half of the Moselle valley – from Schengen to Remigio, as well as further north, near the villages Vintranzh, Henin, Wormeldange, Aan and Shvebzingen which are particularly valuable vineyards. Recognized Centers wine – towns Remigio and Grevenmacher.
The cultural attractions of the country – the National Museum of Luxembourg, where the open sections of the ancient, modern art and natural history of the country, the majestic Gothic cathedral of Notre Dame (XVII century.) Grand Ducal Palace (XVI century.) City council (XIX cent.) Lock Esch-sur-Alzette (XIX cent.), as well as the medieval town of Rothenburg ob der Tauberg. You can take a pleasant cruise on the Moselle, and on other rivers (Sur, Ur, Clairvaux, Welz) – a ride on boats and yachts, water sports.
The first mention of Luxembourg refer to 963, at the time he was known as “Lyuklinburhuk” that the local dialect meaning “little castle”. Man first arrived in this tiny country, striking variety of landscapes that fit on such a small area, as well as the identity of the traditions and lifestyles of local residents. See all the sights of Luxembourg as well as excursions to Luxembourg in the new catalogs tours and attractions.
From the strongest fortress in Europe, Luxembourg, built by the French Marshal Vobanom and destroyed in 1868, still retained many buildings – some of the wall with loopholes, some of the city gates (survived, for example, a gateway Three Dove, Gates and Trev etc.), long tunnels and vaults in the bowels of the rock towers of the Three acorn “on the edges of the rocky platform over the precipice and the citadel of the Holy Spirit. Next to the area, on site of ancient fortifications, a park, which is on the other end a cliff, offering a wonderful view of the old suburb of Bock and castle ruins.
Interestingly Garden Spanish governor Ernest Mansfeld (end of the sixteenth century.), A maze of ancient houses the National Museum of History and Art, the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1751), Notre Dame (Dame, 1613-1621 Gg.) Famous sculptures and majestic burial place of Grand Dukes, as well as the tomb of King of Bohemia and Count of Luxembourg John the Blind. Worth visiting refuges abbey of St. Maximin of Trier (1751), a former Jesuit College (1603-1735 years. Now here is the National Library), Town Hall (1830-1838 Gg.), The church of Saint-Michel (was built in X . and rebuilt in the sixteenth century.), the chapel of St. Quirin (XIV century.) Church of St. John in the Stone (XVII cent.), the bastion of the Holy Spirit, Casino (1882) and many other historical and cultural monuments. One of the places of tourist attraction – former defensive system of underground casemates Bock and La Petrus, which during the Second World War, sheltering of 35 thousand people. Over the Bock casemates on the cliff are the ruins of the first count’s castle. During the tourist season, the major bridges and buildings, as well as all the ancient building artfully illuminated.
Royal Boulevard and the ring of parks, densely built-up dozens of buildings of banks, offices and shopping malls, surrounded by a semicircle of ancient city center. From the square Gamilius depart two pedestrian streets – street and avenue Monterey Post. Nearby lies Arm area – once the rendezvous of young Luxemburger (now a pedestrian zone and there are dozens of restaurants and bistros), which “changed” in this role Gamilius area. There is also interesting Valdbilig chapel, a small mall on the area of Wilhelm II, City Hall, the National Monument of Solidarity with the Eternal Flame, etc. You can see the old quarters of Gron (Stadgro) Dinselpyurt, Klose, Pfafendal and others, or to visit the ancient Benedictine monastery and Church of Munster St. John the Baptist, the building of the Palace of Justice in the European Kirshberg, Central Archive of the Grand Duchy in the old arsenal, as well as the Fish Market area and explore the many old houses the local bourgeoisie, most of which are performed in a very original architectural style.
In the city of many museums and art galleries – the Museum of the History of Luxembourg City, the Museum of Natural History on the Rue Hospice, the Museum of Popular Life, Museum of Weapons and fortifications, the Museum of ancient musical instruments, the Museum of Urban Transport, Post and Telecommunications Museum, the Municipal Gallery in the building Pescatore Luxury Villa Vauban, Municipal Art Gallery, Art Gallery and the Halls “Am Tyunnel” (one of the largest and most prestigious art galleries in the city), Byumona galleries on the Avenue Monterey, La Cité on the Rue Lyuvini, Gerard Kaiser on the Rue Notre-Dame, Edward Cutters, National Gallery Tutesal and others around the city can see the old mill Shlayfmillen (transformed into an artistic workshop), the fortress Ansemburg, Holenfels and Septfontaines (Simern), hot springs in Mondorf-les-Bains, National entertainment center in Dudelange, viaduct Krishberga and the building of the International Bank of Luxembourg. You can make a cruise on the Moselle and to view its picturesque valley, and visit the famous vineyards Remigio, Stadbredimusa, Gryuveldanzha, Enena, Vormeldanzha, Ana, Mahuma, Pallemberga and Grevenmacher, but on other rivers (Sur, Ur, Clairvaux, Welz) – boating and sailing or water sports. Viticulture is most common in the southern half of the Moselle valley – from the Schengen area to Remigio, as well as the north, near the villages and Vintranzh Shvebzingen which are particularly valuable vineyards.
In Sandveyle preserved beech forests and meadows, in Vormeldanzhe – Chapel of Saint-Donas, in Henin interesting museum of wine, Remigio – an old Romanesque church and the gates of St. Nicholas, and in Vasserbilige – a Baroque church. Major amusement parks for children of the country – Wonderland Park (“Parc Merveilleux”) in Betemburge, park in Mondorf-le-Bains and tourist center Galdenberg in Esch-Alzette.
Esling (Osling) – the northern area of Luxembourg, which occupies a third of its territory, and the highest part of the country. Individual peaks reach here in 1500 and more meters above sea level, and save a lot of forests and pastures.
In the lower reaches of Ur is one of the most picturesque cities in the country – Ehternah. This is one of the oldest cities in Luxembourg – it more than a thousand years. It is worth a visit around the ancient abbey of the Basilica of St. Villibrora (XVI-XVIII cc.) Church of St. Peter and Paul Church (XIII century., One of the oldest in Europe), colorful marketplace, see the ruins of old fortifications of the city, as well as nearby canyon cleft palate – the most famous natural monument “small Switzerland”. Ehternaha west, along the rivers White and Black Erentz lies himself area of so-called “small Switzerland” – very rugged and richly wooded area of rocky terrain, whose cliffs form dozens of pictorial forms, and the top of the rocks occupy small castles (many of them, however heavily damaged time). About Berdorfa can see a huge rock with the famous “Roman cave, as well as narrow and winding gorge Hals, between Ehternahom Diekirch and is famous for its vineyards, but almost destroyed, Beaufort Castle. Interesting and reconstructed castle Fels near Hristnaha, Castle Septfonten north of the capital, as well as locking Burglinster (XII century.). Its beauty, streams and waterfalls known and terrain Müllerthal, as well as neighborhood Lyarosheta, Consdorf and Grundhof.
The northernmost city of the Grand Duchy – Clairvaux, located in the valley on the banks of the river Clerf, surrounded by wooded slopes. He gives the impression of a medieval town because of the gothic architecture of its buildings, but also because a prominent place in it occupy buildings of the famous abbey in the country, and slightly taller, the ruins of the knight’s castle with a tower.
Luxembourg City – the biggest city of Esslingen, is, as the capital of two parts – Lower City (altitude 320 m) and Upper, situated 80 m above the slope of the mountains around the ancient fortress. Luxembourg City – a beautiful town, its environs are very picturesque, but some chaotic building, overgrown with bushes, ravines and fences give him a plaque of provincialism. 10 km. from him, on the Upper Syure, is the town of Esch-sur-sur – the ancient Center suknodeliya (due to low-lying location, this town is often called “Al-le-Thru -” Ash Pit “) and the point where to begin bolshinstvopeshih routes spurs of the Ardennes.
18 km. here is one of the most beautiful and picturesque cities of Luxembourg – Luxembourg City, which stretches along the shore of a narrow valley at the foot of Ur, the ancient fortress of the Dukes of Nassau. Luxembourg City is famous for the fact that there lived Victor Hugo. Writers’ House was renovated in 1948 and is now a museum was opened, which kept some things and books that belonged to the great Frenchman. West, in the spurs of the Ardennes, is the castle Burshed (XI-XVI centuries.) – The biggest castle of Luxembourg, vysyaschiysya at a dizzy height above the valley of Suran. In the north, in the Ardennes, is a picturesque natural park Germany-Luxembourg (Deutsch Lyuksemburgisher “) – a nature reserve, part of which is located on the territory of Germany.